"Usurpation and 'The Social' in Benjamin Constant's Commentaire," Modern Intellectual History, 17.1 (2020): 55-84.
"'The Idea of Rights': Tocqueville on the Social Question," The Review of Politics 79.4 (2017): 649-74.
"Liberty and Industry: John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and the Economic Foundations of Political Membership," Polity 48.4 (2016): 551-579.
Book: Capacity for Democracy: French Liberalism and The Language of Citizenship - MS Under Review
Capacity for Democracy is a conceptual history and political theory of political capacity (capacité politique), a term used by French liberals in response to the "suffrage question," or the problem of who could vote and on what basis. Capacity was originally an alternative to democratic political rights. Liberals argued that capacity ought to precede and confer political rights, as one had to prove "capable" to exercise the franchise. Only a capable citizenry, they urged, could guarantee both stability and liberty in a post-revolutionary society.
In Capacity for Democracy, I consider how ideals of economic activity (property ownership, commercial engagement, and even individual industry) informed ideas of capable citizenship, but argue that, at its best, the standard of capacity was designed to evolve with changing economic and social circumstances. The book engages with the writings of François Guizot, Benjamin Constant, Alexis de Tocqueville, Édouard Laboulaye, and Ernest Duvergier de Hauranne, along with parliamentary debates and speeches. Capacity for Democracy reframes the history of the French liberal tradition by uncovering an overlooked liberalism post-1848 that advanced democracy through the language of capacity rather than against it. I argue that capacity can continue to inform questions about the extension of democratic citizenship, both by alerting us to the persistence of capacity language within rights discourse and -- counterintuitively -- providing justification for a more inclusive vision of citizenship than traditional standards of either blood or birth.
Peer-Reviewed Book Chapters:
"Despotic or Dynamic? Hayek on Democracy and Expertise," in Philosophy, Politics, and Austrian Economics, eds. Daniel D'Amico and Adam Martin (Emerald) (Forthcoming).
Book Reviews & Roundtables:
Review of Learning One's Native Tongue: Citizenship, Contestation, and Conflict in America by Tracy B. Strong, The Review of Politics (Forthcoming).
Review of Raymond Aron and Liberal Thought in the Twentieth Century by Iain Stewart, Perspectives on Politics (Forthcoming).
"Flattery as a Weapon of the Weak," Contribution to a Roundtable on Flattery and the History of Political Thought by Daniel Kapust, Political Science Reviewer (Forthcoming).
Papers in Progress
"Empire, Class, and Tocqueville's Rhetoric of Grandeur"
"America After Tocqueville: Duvergier de Hauranne's Democracy"
Introduction to Roundtable on Helena Rosenblatt's Lost History of Liberalism at H-Diplo
Isolation and Association: The Penitentiary System's Democratic Lessons at Tocqueville 21
My review of Benjamin Constant's On Religion at Law & Liberty
French Liberals and the Capacity for Citizenship at the blog of the Journal of the History of Ideas